Yemen Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

By | March 14, 2023

According to baglib, Yemen is located in the Middle East, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east. It has a total area of 527,970 square kilometers. The country is divided into four natural regions: a coastal plain in the west; an inland desert plateau in the center; a narrow mountain range in the northwest; and an interior highland region in the east and southeast.

The western coastal plain extends along both sides of Bab el-Mandeb Strait at its southern end. The plain is bordered by two mountain ranges: Jabal al-Tair on its western side, and Jabal al-Hudhud on its eastern side. The coastal plain contains numerous wadis (dry river beds) that fill with water during times of heavy rainfall. It also contains some fertile lowlands where some farming takes place.

The inland desert plateau covers most of central Yemen and consists mainly of sand dunes and gravel plains. This region experiences very little rainfall and temperatures can reach up to 50 degrees Celsius during summer months.

The northwestern mountain range runs parallel with Yemen’s coastline along the Red Sea for around 400 kilometers before turning southward towards Ta’izz Province. This range contains Yemen’s highest peak, Jabal An-Nabi Shu’ayb (3,666 meters). Other notable peaks include Jabal Hadhur (3,100 meters), Jabal al-Makhul (2,876 meters), and Jabal al-Nabi Shu’ayb (2,737 meters).

In eastern Yemen lies an interior highland region known as Asir or Hijaz which is located between Sana’a Province in the north and Hadhramaut Governorate in the south. This region consists mainly of volcanic mountains covered with vegetation including juniper trees as well as some agricultural land used for growing grains such as wheat and barley. The highest peak here is Haraz Peak at 3,091 meters above sea level.


Yemen is home to a variety of mountains, many of which are located in the western and northwestern parts of the country. The highest peak in Yemen is Jabal An-Nabi Shu’ayb, or Mount Moses, which stands at 3,666 meters above sea level. This mountain is situated near the city of San’a and is part of the Sarawat Mountains. Another prominent mountain range in Yemen is the Haraz Mountains, which stretches from Radaa to Ibb and covers a large area of highland terrain. The Haraz Mountains are home to several peaks over 3000 meters in elevation, including Jabal al-Makhlil (3270 m) and Jabal al-Khubah (3090 m). The Asir Mountains are located further south near the border with Saudi Arabia and offer stunning views across both countries. These mountains are mostly composed of volcanic rock and contain peaks up to 2800 meters above sea level. Finally, the Mahwit Mountains run along Yemen’s northern border with Saudi Arabia and contain several peaks over 2000 meters in height. Overall, these mountain ranges offer breathtaking views for those who make it to their summit.


Yemen is home to a number of major rivers, including the Wadi Hadramawt, Wadi Adayn, Wadi Humr and Wadi Sirwah. The Wadi Hadramawt is the longest river in Yemen and runs for nearly 1,000 kilometers from its source in the Arabian peninsula. It passes through a number of cities including Sayun and Shibam before emptying into the Arabian Sea. The river has an important role in providing water to Yemen’s agricultural sector. The Wadi Adayn is another major river in Yemen that runs for more than 600 kilometers from its source near Ta’izz to its mouth at the Red Sea. This river plays an important role in providing water to many communities along its course, as well as helping to support the country’s fishing industry. The Wadi Humr is a smaller river that runs for just over 200 kilometers and flows through some of Yemen’s most beautiful landscapes. Finally, the Wadi Sirwah is located close to Sanaa and stretches for around 300 kilometers before emptying into a lake near Ma’rib. This river provides much needed water supplies to local communities as well as supporting Yemen’s agricultural sector. In addition to these four main rivers, there are also several smaller rivers that flow throughout Yemen such as the Wadi al-Masilah and the Al-Rimah River which both flow through Sanaa city center.


Yemen is a country located in the Middle East and is home to some of the most beautiful lakes in the world. One of the most prominent lakes in Yemen is Lake Tihama, which is located on the Red Sea coast. This lake has an area of about 500 square kilometers and is a major source of drinking water for local communities, as well as being an important habitat for a variety of fish species. Another large lake located in Yemen is Wadi Aynan, which has an area of approximately 200 square kilometers. It provides water for agriculture and livestock in the surrounding areas, as well as being an important stopover point for migratory birds. Finally, there is Lake Jazan, which covers an area of around 100 square kilometers and serves as a major tourist destination due to its breathtaking views and abundance of wildlife. All three lakes are extremely important to both local communities and wildlife alike, providing essential resources that are necessary for their survival.

Yemen Mountains