By | June 10, 2022

Viremia describes the occurrence of viruses in the bloodstream. A viremia always occurs when a viral infection has occurred. In contrast to this is the viral load, which represents the concentration of the virus in the blood.

What is viremia?

In viremia, the patient’s host cells are destroyed. This is where the virus multiplies. At the same time, fever and chills often occur, which are to be regarded as a reaction of the immune system. For liver diseases explanation, please visit

The leukin concentration in the blood rises sharply. The lymphatic system is also usually infected by viruses. This then triggers the so-called primary viremia. Some types of viruses also spread throughout the human organism, while others remain in the original cells and are spread from there.

An example of this is infection with HI viruses, which spread in their host’s CD4 T cells. Here it comes then to a strong multiplication. This then leads to the so-called secondary viremia. Once this process is complete, the viruses remain in the tissue, where the organic symptoms of the disease ultimately appear.


The virus is usually transmitted in the form of contact and droplet infections. They can also be transmitted by all bodily fluids. Smear infections occur upon contact with infectious excretions. Food can also cause a smear infection.

These are typical routes of infection for diseases such as hepatitis or polio. If a droplet infection takes place, the viruses are transmitted through the air we breathe when infected people cough or sneeze. Diseases such as variocells, measles, mumps and rubella can be transmitted.

Contact with infected bodily fluids transmits forms of hepatitis or HIV, for example. There is also a certain risk at birth when the newborn comes into contact with the mother’s mucous membranes. Insect bites can also be dangerous. A tick bite, for example, can cause diseases such as TBE.

Symptoms, Ailments & Signs

In the case of viremia, the viral load in the blood is diagnosed using a blood test. Since there are countless types of virus, the course of the disease in humans is very different. The diseases can be harmless or have very threatening effects on human health.

Most viral diseases progress quickly and without complications for patients. In some cases, however, dangerous side effects such as pneumonia can also occur. This is not uncommon in the case of an infection with variocells. If pregnant women become infected with this type of virus, it can cause serious damage to the unborn child.

In the final stages, infection with HI viruses always causes the death of the patient, since it triggers the so-called opportunistic infections described by AIDS. The situation is different for flu-like illnesses.

The viruses are comparatively harmless, and those affected do not have to struggle with the unpleasant side effects for long. Treatment is by rest, since there are no drugs that can fight viruses. Therapy is therefore only symptomatic.

Diagnosis & course of disease

In the case of viremia, only the patient’s symptoms can be treated. This is because, unlike a bacterial infection, there are no drugs available to treat any type of virus. Although most of the symptoms are unpleasant, they cannot cause any harm to your health.

It is a bit more complicated with HIV infection, which is usually treated by specialists. There are now many antiviral drugs. These cannot kill the viruses, but they suppress their multiplication in the organism. In this way, the course of the disease can be delayed. However, a cure is not possible.

It is necessary to take the corresponding medication daily for a lifetime. In addition, regular blood tests must be carried out. Since the risk of infection is very high, extreme caution is required here. Here, transmission occurs through contact with the body fluids of the infected person.

If you have the flu, you should drink a lot. There are many other home remedies that can provide relief. Painkillers and cold sprays can also be used. The latter cause the nasal mucosa to decongest, making it easier to breathe through the nose.


In most cases, viremia can be treated relatively easily, so that the person affected does not experience any further complications or symptoms. However, if the viremia is not treated, the viruses spread in the bloodstream and can lead to various diseases. This often leads to pneumonia or a strong flu, which in the worst case can even lead to the death of the patient.

For this reason, a viremia should always be treated, especially if there has already been an inflammation or an infection. Since the viremia cannot be treated with medication, those affected must protect their bodies. Complications do not arise. In the case of serious viral diseases, those affected are dependent on taking medication and taking special precautions.

Complete healing is often not achieved. With the help of various medications, the individual symptoms of the infection or the flu can also be alleviated. There are no complications here either. If the viraemia can be treated, it does not lead to a reduced life expectancy of the patient.

When should you go to the doctor?

Viremia is a viral disease. Since this disease is associated with a risk of infection, a doctor’s visit should always be made. In particular, people with a weakened immune system need help and support in overcoming the health impairment. A feeling of illness, a general malaise or a decrease in physical and mental performance are signs of an illness.

A doctor should be consulted to clarify the cause and create a treatment plan. Inner weakness, loss of zest for life, exhaustion and fatigue should be discussed with a doctor. If there are flu-like symptoms such as headaches, body aches or functional disorders in the organism, various medical tests must be carried out. An increase in the existing symptoms or a persistent feeling of inefficiency are signs of a disease.

Sleep disorders and a withdrawal from social and community life must also be clarified. If everyday obligations can no longer be carried out as usual, the observations should be discussed with a doctor. If left untreated, some viral diseases can lead to the premature death of those affected. A visit to the doctor is therefore always advisable if the symptoms persist for several days or if there are signs of a gradual development. Impaired breathing, fever and sweating should also be treated.

Treatment & Therapy

Viremia can be treated in a number of ways. Vaccination is often used to prevent disease. There are some standard vaccinations against measles, mumps and rubella, for example. Vario cells or polio can also be prevented in this way. Vaccination against hepatitis B is also possible.

If a viremia is transmitted by droplet infection, it is imperative to avoid any contact with infected people. Precautions must also be taken to prevent infection if you are infected through bodily fluids such as blood or semen. Here, for example, condoms should always be used or contact should be avoided. Furthermore, thorough hygiene must be observed.


Gloves must be worn when treating open wounds. Influenza infections, on the other hand, are difficult to avoid. Contact through droplet infection is actually everywhere and cannot be prevented. However, there are other ways to prevent viremia. In particular, it is very important to optimally strengthen the immune system so that it can fight invading viruses.

A healthy and balanced diet is of great benefit. You should also get enough sleep to avoid unnecessarily weakening the body. Physical activities such as sport and sufficient exercise also have a positive effect on the immune system.


Classic aftercare is the medical responsibility and is usually associated with tumor diseases. In scheduled examinations, doctors try to find a renewed cancerous tumor in the early stages and to draw a treatment advantage from it. Viremia, on the other hand, requires a focus of infection.

After a previous illness has subsided, it is not possible to break out of an old illness again. Patients must take appropriate measures themselves to prevent infection. Physicians inform high-risk patients about suitable behavioral tips if necessary. For example, patients themselves are responsible for a balanced diet and adequate hygiene.

Regular physical activity also contributes to strengthening the immune system. In particular, contact with other sick people should be avoided. The treatment of a viremia can take a long time depending on the severity. Then the patient needs help in everyday life. As part of the aftercare, rest is indicated. Medication supports the progress of recovery.

Scheduled follow-up examinations aim, in addition to documentary requirements, to prevent complications. Symptom-related examinations and blood analyzes take place regularly. Doctors recommend vaccinations – also to prevent viremia. Anyone who has their protection renewed continuously contributes to better defences.

You can do that yourself

Viremia is a natural phenomenon during viral infection. It manifests itself through a range of symptoms, such as fever and chills, which can be alleviated by various home remedies and self-help measures.

If you have a fever, rest is recommended. The body is sometimes very weak and must not be further strained by physical activity. In addition, the diet must be changed. In general, bland foods such as rusks and unsweetened tea are recommended. Those affected should also cover themselves well to prevent the body from cooling down. Cooling compresses may be used in consultation with the doctor. For every degree of increase in temperature, the body needs an additional liter of fluid to prevent dehydration.

From naturopathy, for example, there is willow bark, which contains the natural painkiller salicylate. Elderberry and linden blossoms are also used to stimulate sweat production. In addition, the body temperature should be measured regularly. In the case of a high fever, the doctor must be called in. As a rule, however, a viremia subsides on its own as soon as the body has completely killed the virus.