Bacterial or viral infections of the upper respiratory tract usually lead to unpleasant symptoms, which can expand into a sinubronchial syndrome and impair various functional sections of the body.
What is sinubronchial syndrome?
A sinubronchial syndrome is a complex of symptoms, of signs of illness, which usually occur together. In this context, there is a clear subdivision of the sinubronchial syndrome in medicine, with which individual symptoms can be listed in a differentiated manner. For cutaneous leishmaniasis definitions, please visit definitionexplorer.com.
Sinubronchial syndrome can be based on symptoms classified as sinusitis (inflammation affecting the paranasal sinuses) and bronchitic. In addition, a sinubronchial syndrome is characterized by the occurrence of the so-called post (after) nasal drip syndrome in some cases of the disease.
Typical signs of disease typical of sinubronchial syndrome involve the entire head, pharynx, nose, trachea, chest, lungs and bronchi. The term sinubronchial syndrome is derived from sinusitis or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
A sinubronchial syndrome can be favored by a variety of causes and usually results from an existing cold. The flow of secretion from the nose into the pharynx, which is enriched with pathogens, leads to an infection of the trachea, from where the microorganisms can get into the bronchi.
In the case of sinubronchial syndrome, the secretion escaping from the nasal cavity usually comes from the paranasal sinuses, in which an inflammatory process takes place. For this reason, both inflammatory processes in the nose and in the paranasal sinuses are responsible for sinubronchial syndrome.
A sinubronchial syndrome also occurs quite frequently as a secondary disease of sinusitis. Sinusitis is in turn caused by bacteria or viruses, which can even be carried into the lungs in the course of the secretion flow.
Symptoms, Ailments & Signs
Sinubronchial syndrome is manifested by a number of symptoms. At the beginning of the disease there is initially a slight scratching in the throat. This results in a clearing of the throat, often accompanied by a sore throat and coughing up sputum. General symptoms such as headaches and facial pain are added later.
Other respiratory symptoms can also occur, such as nasal congestion and inflammation. Those affected usually feel an increasing feeling of illness. Eventually, the symptoms develop into rhinosinusitis or even acute bronchitis. Then there can be other cold symptoms such as body aches, hoarseness and shortness of breath.
Breathing noises, discharge and a sickly appearance are typical. Finally, chronic bronchitis can develop. Pneumonia is also possible. Externally, the sinubronchial syndrome is initially recognized by paleness and a sickly appearance. The area around the nose is red and tender to the touch as a result of constant irritation.
Occasionally, inflammation or pimples form. Reddening can also occur in the oral cavity, which can be detected by the parents or the doctor with visual diagnostics. The affected areas on the face are severely overheated and usually clearly indicate the sinubronchial syndrome.
Diagnosis & History
Due to the complex of the structures of the upper respiratory tract and the paranasal sinuses involved in a sinubronchial syndrome, symptoms such as permanent clearing of the throat and coughing up mucus are typical.
In sinus bronchial syndrome, these secretions travel from the paranasal sinuses into the pharynx and cause a scratchy feeling. These symptoms are accompanied by health problems such as chest pains, headaches and facial pains, body aches, general cold symptoms, as well as a runny nose and constant coughing up of viscous mucus.
The focus of the diagnostics, if there is a suspicion of a sinubronchial syndrome, is a procedure that supports a so-called exclusion diagnostics. In this regard, the descriptions of the patient’s condition and the various examination methods used in medical and laboratory technology are available. Individual techniques are carried out as a nasopharynx mirror or rhinoscopy or within a computer tomography.
Those affected suffer from a significantly reduced quality of life with this syndrome. Most patients complain of a severe cough and sore throat. Difficulty swallowing can also occur, which can lead to problems when taking food and liquids. Furthermore, the cough is usually associated with sputum and those affected suffer from severe pain in the chest.
There is a general feeling of illness and also headaches or pain in the face. Many of those affected continue to suffer from nasal congestion and bronchitis. The airways are often not clear, which can also lead to breathing difficulties. The everyday life of the patient is significantly restricted due to the illness.
The syndrome is usually treated with medication. There are no particular complications and the symptoms can be easily alleviated. Nasal sprays and bed rest also help against the syndrome. The life expectancy of the patient usually remains unchanged. As a rule, there is a positive course of the disease without complications.
When should you go to the doctor?
This disease must always be treated by a doctor. It is a serious restriction of the airways, which in the worst case can even lead to the death of the person concerned. Early diagnosis of this syndrome is necessary to prevent further complications. A doctor should be consulted if the person concerned suffers from a persistent itchy throat.
Most patients suffer from a very severe sore throat and also from a cough with sputum. If these symptoms persist, a doctor should be consulted. A general feeling of illness or severe pain in the limbs often indicate the syndrome. Severe tiredness or exhaustion can also indicate this disease.
In most cases, the disease can be recognized and treated relatively well by a general practitioner or an ENT doctor.
Treatment & Therapy
Medication-supported procedures are the primary means of meaningful and targeted treatment of the health impairments caused by a sinubronchial syndrome.
The drugs used, which are helpful against the disease, are based both on active ingredients from purely plant-based substances and medicinal substances from synthetically manufactured pharmaceutical products. These mechanisms of action of the selected preparations produce a secretolytic (mucus-dissolving), bronchiospasmolytic (relaxation of the bronchi), an antibacterial (fighting bacteria) and an anti-inflammatory (inhibiting inflammation) effect against the symptoms of bronchial syndrome.
In addition to taking medicinal products, it is also important to carry out therapy with nasal sprays containing cortisone or surgical interventions to remove the foci of inflammation from the paranasal sinuses. Relaxation and movement methods as well as specific applications of naturopathy are helpful in the therapy of sinubronchial syndrome.
In order to achieve a reduction in the frequency of the occurrence of the symptoms known as sinubronchial syndrome and to prevent this disease altogether, a general strengthening of the body’s own immune system and control of the paranasal sinuses are beneficial as soon as the first symptoms appear.
As soon as it becomes apparent that a sinus infection and a cold are not healing and that the general state of health is not improving, it is advisable to consult a specialist (e.g. an ENT doctor ). If there are people in the close circle of acquaintances who are suffering from a sinubronchial syndrome, additional protection against the transmissible pathogens should be provided, which includes a certain level of disinfection and hygiene.
Sinubronchial syndrome occurs in connection with inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and bronchi. Follow-up care depends on the course of the disease. The administration of antibiotics was probably necessary in the acute treatment. The important thing here is to take the prescribed medication consistently. After antibiotic treatment, the family doctor can monitor the course or the cessation of the disease in the follow-up care.
If the course of the disease itself is unproblematic, it can be assumed that the sinubronchial syndrome will heal completely. After the administration of antibiotics, the bacteria in the intestines that are supposed to be there may have been attacked. In this case it is necessary to treat the patient with an intestinal culture. In some cases, this treatment is already started while the antibiotics are being taken.
After the sinubronchial syndrome has healed, no long-term consequences are to be expected and therefore no long follow-up periods, since the body can fight the disease completely with the appropriate treatment. As a rule, it is not necessary to maintain long-term follow-up care. A follow-up appointment, during which the airways are listened to and checked, is usually sufficient to confirm healing. No other medication is usually required.
You can do that yourself
Not only the usual drugs help against the sinubronchial syndrome. There are also everyday measures that ensure a clear airway. However, patients should be aware that they should definitely consult a doctor if they are suffering from a chronic illness.
Basically, self-help is about reducing the swelling of the mucous membranes in the nasopharynx. For this purpose, special nasal sprays with cortisone or antibiotics are available in conventional medicine. Gentle nasal rinses are a simple remedy that patients can access without a prescription. A physiotherapeutic approach with a PEP system can also have a positive effect and free the airways. A combination of nasal rinses and PEP therapy is usually particularly successful. Additional relaxation methods and movements can also support the healing effect. These approaches come from naturopathyand can be easily integrated into day-to-day processes. The patients only need some time and rest to carry out the measures consistently.
Depending on the further course, it may be necessary to consult a doctor. If the feeling of illness is accompanied by severe body aches or a persistent cough, those affected should make an appointment with their family doctor as soon as possible.