São Tomé and Príncipe is a small island nation located off the western coast of Africa. It is composed of two main islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, as well as several smaller islands. The country has a population of around 200,000 people and is the smallest country in both size and population in all of Africa.
The official language of São Tomé and Príncipe is Portuguese, which is spoken by the majority of the population. English is also widely spoken as it was introduced during colonial times and is taught in schools. Other languages spoken by some parts of the population include Creole, French, Fang and Forro.
The culture in São Tomé and Príncipe has been heavily influenced by Portuguese colonialism since its introduction to the islands in 1470. This influence can be seen in many aspects of the culture such as music, art, architecture, cuisine, religion and language. The traditional music includes a mix of African rhythms with European influences while art often features depictions of nature or scenes from everyday life on the islands.
Religion plays an important role in São Toméan society with over 90% of the population being Roman Catholic while other Christian denominations such as Protestantism are also present. Traditional beliefs are still practiced by some parts of the population with ancestor worship being particularly common among rural communities.
São Toméans are known for their hospitality which extends to both visitors from abroad as well as fellow citizens from other parts of the country who may be travelling for work or leisure purposes. The majority of people live in rural areas where they rely on subsistence farming for their livelihoods although there has been an increase in urbanization over recent years with around 40% living in urban areas now compared to only 25% a decade ago.
Overall, São Tomé and Príncipe has a rich culture that blends African roots with Portuguese influences due to centuries of colonization while its people remain warm-hearted and welcoming to all visitors regardless if they come from abroad or within their own nation’s borders. Additionally, traditional beliefs still play an important role among some communities which helps keep alive ancient customs that have been passed down through generations for centuries now.
Demographics of Sao Tome and Principe
The Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is a small island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea off the western coast of Africa. It is comprised of two main islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, as well as several smaller islands. According to wholevehicles.com, the total population is estimated to be around 200,000 people, with the majority living on São Tomé.
Demographically, the population is relatively young with 39% under 15 years old and only 4% over 65 years old. Life expectancy at birth for both sexes combined is 63 years old which is slightly below the global average. The total fertility rate stands at 2.9 children per woman which is also lower than the world’s average.
São Toméans are ethnically diverse with a mix of African and Portuguese descent due to centuries of colonization by Portugal who ruled the country until its independence in 1975. The official language spoken in São Tomé and Príncipe is Portuguese which is spoken by the majority of the population while other languages such as French, Creole, Fang and Forro are also spoken by some parts of the population.
The literacy rate in São Tomé and Príncipe stands at 80% for those aged 15-24 years old which is higher than many other African countries but still lower than many developed countries. Education in São Tomé and Príncipe follows a similar system to that used in Portugal with six years of primary school followed by three years at secondary school level before students can then apply for further studies at university or higher education institutions abroad if they wish to do so.
Socially, most people live in rural areas where they rely on subsistence farming for their livelihoods although there has been an increase in urbanization over recent years with around 40% living in urban areas now compared to only 25% a decade ago. Additionally, traditional beliefs still play an important role among some communities which helps keep alive ancient customs that have been passed down through generations for centuries now.
Overall, while having a relatively low population size compared to other African nations, São Tomé and Príncipe has a diverse demographic makeup due to centuries of colonization by Portugal as well as its own unique culture that blends African roots with European influences from its former colonial masters.
Poverty in Sao Tome and Principe
Poverty in São Tomé and Príncipe is a major issue that has been affecting the small African nation for many years. According to the World Bank, 28.7% of the population lives below the poverty line, with almost half of these people living in extreme poverty. This is significantly higher than other countries in the region and even higher than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole.
The main cause of poverty in São Tomé and Príncipe is its lack of economic diversification and reliance on a single export commodity – cocoa. The country’s main source of income comes from cocoa exports, which makes it highly vulnerable to price changes on the international market. This vulnerability has been exacerbated by poor infrastructure and limited access to modern technology, which has hindered economic growth and development in the country over recent years.
In addition to this, São Tomé and Príncipe also suffers from high unemployment rates due to its small population size combined with limited job opportunities available within its borders. This means that many citizens are forced to migrate abroad for work or rely on remittances sent back by family members working overseas as their primary source of income.
Furthermore, the country’s high levels of inequality have contributed greatly to its poverty problem as well. Despite having a relatively high GDP per capita compared to other countries in Africa, there is still a wide disparity between those who are wealthy and those who are living in extreme poverty due largely to unequal access to resources such as education and healthcare services which can help break people out of cycles of deprivation.
Finally, São Tomé and Príncipe’s geographical location also makes it highly susceptible to natural disasters such as floods or cyclones which can further worsen an already precarious situation for those living in poverty due to their inability or lack of resources needed for proper disaster preparedness measures or recovery.
Labor Market in Sao Tome and Principe
According to Countryvv, the labor market in Sao Tome and Principe is largely dependent on the agricultural sector, which accounts for nearly half of the country’s GDP. The agricultural sector is mainly composed of subsistence farming and fishing, with only a small portion of the population engaged in formal employment. In addition to agriculture, there are a number of other sectors which contribute to the economy such as manufacturing, tourism, and services. The manufacturing sector is largely dominated by food processing and beverage production. The tourism industry is growing rapidly due to its proximity to other African countries and its beautiful beaches. The services sector includes transportation and communication, banking, finance, insurance, real estate, education and healthcare.
In terms of employment opportunities in Sao Tome and Principe, there are limited opportunities available in the formal sector due to a lack of economic development. Most people are employed in subsistence farming or fishing activities or in the informal sector. However, there is some growth in the formal economy with a few companies beginning to offer jobs for those who have skills such as computer programming or engineering. Additionally, there are some international companies that have set up operations on the islands offering higher-paying jobs for those with specialized skillsets. Despite this growth in formal employment opportunities however, most people still rely on subsistence farming or fishing activities as their primary source of income due to limited economic development in Sao Tome and Principe.