San Marino Country Overview

By | October 2, 2021

San Marino, small state (republic) at the northeastern foot of the Apennines within Italy, crossed by the ridge of the up to 739 m high Monte Titano. At its summit are old fortifications and then the capital. The residents are of Italian origin. They live from the financial sector (many banks), some industry and especially from tourism. San Marino is one of the wealthiest countries in Europe.

History: According to tradition, San Marino was founded by St. Marinus at the beginning of the 4th century and has been independent since the 13th century.

Country facts

  • Official name: Republic of San Marino
  • License plate: RSM
  • ISO-3166: SM, SMR (674)
  • Internet
  • Currency: 1 euro (€) = 100 cents
  • Area: 60 km²
  • Population (2018): 33 800
  • Capital: San Marino
  • Official language (s): Italian
  • Form of government: Parliamentary republic
  • Administrative division: 9 municipalities (Casstelli)
  • Head of state: 2 collegially acting government councilors every six months – Alessandro Mancini and Grazia Zafferani
  • Head of Government: Luca Beccari
  • Religion (s): Christians (Catholics)
  • Time zone: Central European Time
  • National Day: September 3rd

Location and infrastructure

  • Location (geographical): Southern Europe
  • Location (coordinates): 43 ° 55 ‘north latitude and 12 ° 30’ east longitude
  • Climate: Mediterranean climate
  • Highest mountain: Monte Titano (739 m)
  • Road network (2006): 292 km (paved)


  • Annual population growth (2020): 0.7%
  • Birth rate (2020): 8.8 per 1000 residents.
  • Death rate (2020): 9 per 1000 pop.
  • Average age (2020): 45.2 years
  • Average life expectancy (2020): 83.5 years (men 80.9; women 86.3)
  • Age structure (2020): 14.7% younger than 15 years, 20.2% older than 65 years
  • Literacy rate (15 year olds and older): 99.9%
  • Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2017): 114 per 100 residents
  • Internet users (2017): 60 per 100 residents


  • GDP per capita (2018): US $ 48,946
  • Total GDP (2018): US $ 1.638 billion
  • GNI per capita: n / a
  • Education expenditure (2011): 2.4% of GDP
  • Military expenditure: n / a
  • Unemployment rate (15 years and older): n / a


The European mini state on the northern Apennine peninsula is enclosed on all sides by Italian territory. Barely 30 km from the Italian Adriatic coast, San Marino extends on the eastern roof of the Etruscan Apennines. The landscape is determined by Monte Titano (up to 739 m above sea level), a striking limestone rock with a steep north face. At its summit are the old fortifications (Guaita, Fratta or Cesta, Montale) and then the capital. The other nine village communities are on the slope and at the foot of the mountain. The climate and vegetation correspond to those of the surrounding landscapes of Italy.


The residents are predominantly San Marines, 13.5% are Italians. Around 17,000 San Marines live abroad (mainly in Italy and the USA). The population density is 557 residents / km 2, the proportion of the urban population is 94%. The two largest towns in the country are Serravalle and San Marino.

Social: A system of social security has existed since 1955. The Institute for Social Security (ISS) provides insurance for old age, sickness and unemployment (compulsory insurance), and there are also family allowances and welfare benefits.


There is freedom of religion. According to mysteryaround, over 90% of the population belong to the Catholic Church. Within the ecclesiastical jurisdiction, San Marino is part of the diocese of San Marino-Montefeltro (which covers the greater part of Italian territory).

San Marino City

San Marino, capital of the republic of the same name, with (2018) 4,000 residents.

The walled city has a medieval character with its narrow, steep streets and stairs, some of which are carved into the rock. The city’s landmarks are the three fortress towers on Monte Titano. The economy is based on tourism and retail.

San Marino Country Overview