The diagnosis of infertility is extremely difficult to cope with for anyone who wants to have a child sooner or later. Both women and men can be affected. In both cases, however, the infertility can have various causes and thus also treatment options.
What is female infertility?
The diagnosis of infertility means that women are infertile or sterile. In men, on the other hand, this is referred to as infertility (see the article on infertility and infertility in men ). For atrial septal defect basics, please visit theinternetfaqs.com.
Both diagnoses are considered when a couple’s long-term procreation is difficult or even impossible. There are just as many degrees of severity of infertility in women as there are different causes and treatment options.
In medical terms, however, one only speaks of actual infertility if the difficult fertility lasts for at least two years. Female infertility can also be of a temporary nature.
Female infertility is divided into two types. On the one hand there is sterility, in which no pregnancy occurs in the first place.
On the other hand, there is also the case of infertility, in which the egg cell is fertilized but cannot be carried to term. Both types of infertility have different causes.
On the one hand, physical reasons can be to blame for a woman’s infertility: hormonal fluctuations, inflammation and malformations of the fallopian tubes, malformations of the uterus, but also various diseases such as diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, psychological stress and old age can also lead to infertility.
Symptoms, Ailments & Signs
Apart from the absence of pregnancy, there are no clear symptoms for sterility, i.e. the inability to conceive, or for infertility, a disorder in which the egg cell is fertilized but cannot be carried to term. If a couple does not get pregnant after a period of two years despite regular sexual intercourse during the fertile phase, this simply indicates a disorder in one of the two partners.
Symptoms that often accompany sterility in women are an irregular menstrual cycle, bleeding between periods and spotting, and permanently thickened cervical mucus. These symptoms indicate a lack of estrogen as the reason for infertility. However, menstrual disorders in women also occur without a medical cause and can also be triggered by stress or other psychological factors.
However, hot flashes, depressive moods and lack of sleep are characteristic, especially if these symptoms are also accompanied by skin problems such as acne or hair loss. Pulling or stabbing pains in the abdomen, which do not only occur during the menstrual period, can indicate a deformity or pathological change in the genitals as well as acute inflammation.
Ovaries are often closed by an unrecognized and untreated inflammation, which makes conception impossible. In addition, pathological changes in the genital organs are not always accompanied by symptoms and are sometimes only discovered during a routine gynecological examination.
Diagnosis & History
Infertility can not always be diagnosed at first glance.
Because the female cycle is very dependent on the well-being of the woman. In the event of illness or illness, hormonal fluctuations can occur very quickly, which can affect the fertility of the woman. Women who want to have children and fear that they are infertile should therefore seek out a gynecologist they trust and seek competent advice.
In addition, a mature egg cell does not necessarily have to “jump” in every cycle. Therefore, actual infertility is usually only considered after about two years of unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant. Before starting the actual diagnosis, however, one has to distinguish between possible infertility or rather sterility.
Then there are various examinations, such as blood and ultrasound examinations, which can provide more detailed information about the status of the feared infertility. In addition, possible physical complaints must also be clarified – if they are present.
Infertility and infertility in women can lead to various problems. First and foremost, most of those affected suffer from severe psychological complaints and in many cases also from depression. Those affected do not feel comfortable with the disease and thus suffer from significantly reduced self-esteem and inferiority complexes.
Furthermore, the infertility and infertility in the woman can also lead to tensions or complications with one’s own partner, since the desire to have children cannot be pursued. If the woman’s infertility and infertility are caused by another underlying disease, the underlying disease may also lead to other symptoms.
However, no general prediction can be made about this. Direct treatment of the disease is not always possible. In many cases, the patients are therefore dependent on other options in order to fulfill their desire to have children. There are no particular complications. However, the desire to have children cannot be fulfilled in every case.
In some cases, adopting a child is the couple’s or the patient’s last option. In most cases, the patient’s life expectancy is not negatively affected by the woman’s infertility and infertility.
When should you go to the doctor?
If couples try to have a child on purpose, doctors generally recommend having both partners checked up beforehand. During the control visit, fertility or techniques can be discussed. In addition, extensive advice should be sought about the woman’s fertile period.
In many cases, information about optimal procreation can be obtained on your own and without consulting a doctor. If questions remain unanswered or if there are various concerns, it is advisable to consult a doctor for a consultation. If you do not get pregnant for a few months despite several attempts, you need to see a doctor. This explains possible fertility and shows possible solutions if the woman is infertile.
If an unfulfilled desire to become pregnant leads to mental and emotional abnormalities, you should consult a doctor. Help should be sought for personality quirks, prolonged sadness or depressive moods. A permanently reduced well-being, a general weakness or malaise are indications that should be followed up. Difficulty sleeping, deficits in concentration or attention, and a mental absence are also signs of an existing disorder. A doctor is needed to assess the extent of the disorders. If everyday obligations can no longer be met, a doctor must be consulted.
Treatment & Therapy
In order to be able to treat infertility in women in a targeted and sustainable manner, the cause must always first be found out. Since there are many possible reasons here, there are also quite a few treatment and therapy options that can be used for fertility problems in women.
On the one hand, there are various hormonal treatments. They are usually used when there are hormonal imbalances – which is the case for many causes. Best examples of this are irregular cycles, too much stress, psychological problems and also physical hormone imbalances.
Another option is artificial insemination. This is usually considered in the case of sufficient physical health, but also in the case of severe problems with becoming pregnant. It becomes more difficult when the cause is physical. In part, however, countermeasures can also be taken here.
However, treatment is not always possible when the uterus or ovaries are severely malformed. In very drastic cases, it is often almost impossible for those affected to become pregnant or have a healthy child. Unfortunately, given the current state of medical research, these women still have to accept that they will not be able to bear children.
The best way to counteract mental infertility is to lead a healthy lifestyle. This means that you should eat healthily and avoid excessive alcohol or smoking at the latest when you start planning a family. In addition, one must prevent and avoid excessive stress as much as possible during the attempts to get pregnant. These two factors can also affect a woman’s fertility. However, physical causes can only be prevented to a limited extent or not at all.
In principle, no specific aftercare measures are necessary in the case of infertility and infertility in women. The affected person does not have to seek any further medical care unless they have physical or psychological problems. However, many infertile women develop depression or depressive moods as a result of their unfulfilled desire to have children.
It is therefore often advisable to consult a psychotherapist. In some cases, long-term therapy is advisable. Often a few sessions are required. The affected woman should avoid stress in the first months after the diagnosis. A healthy lifestyle can contribute to better well-being in women experiencing infertility and infertility.
A stable social environment is helpful here. Unwanted childlessness often leads to relationship problems. Marriage or couples therapy can sometimes be supportive. In some cases, the infertility and infertility are sometimes based on serious primary diseases. Depending on the cause, a number of further aftercare measures may then be necessary. At least some gynecological examinations are usually required.
Sometimes the affected women should also consult an endocrinologist. Occasionally, spontaneous healing occurs in infertility. For this reason, affected patients in particular who do not wish to have children should not forgo contraceptive measures. In addition, regular check-ups by a gynecologist are also necessary in these cases.
You can do that yourself
This diagnosis is usually very stressful for the women affected. It can therefore be helpful for them to take a closer look at the causes of infertility in order to better understand their own situation.
If the infertility is due to physical causes such as hormonal imbalances, malformations of the sexual organs or diabetes, these causes can be treated to a certain extent and thus eliminated.
It is certainly worse for the women affected if no reasons for infertility or sterility can be found. Infertility is usually based on psychological causes. Psychotherapeutic treatment can help these women, which may reveal what exactly is preventing pregnancy in this woman. At the same time, psychotherapy can prevent depression and compensate for self-esteem deficits. This is especially true when the infertility is due to physical causes that cannot be repaired. These women would do well to deal with the topics of “adoption” or “foster child” or to set other goals in life.
If psychological causes are to blame for the woman’s infertility, everything that also helps against depression can help her. When a woman feels well and healthy, pregnancy is more likely than when she is unhappy, depressed, and sad. A good, healthy diet, sufficient sleep and plenty of exercise have a positive influence on well-being.