Category Archives: Glossaries

Soft Tissue Tumor

A soft tissue tumor is a benign or, rarely, malignant growth of the soft tissue. Soft tissue tumors are named according to where they occur and whether they are benign or malignant. Diagnosis and treatment require competent medical attention and are often carried out in specialized centers. What is soft tissue tumor? A soft tissue… Read More »

Farsightedness (Hyperopia)

Farsightedness or hyperopia is a visual impairment that is known in the context of long -sightedness and represents a deviation from normal vision. What is farsightedness? The term farsightedness is usually used colloquially. Technically precise, terms such as hyperopia and hypermetropia are classic terms in ophthalmology and medicine. For hearing loss meanings, please visit Farsightedness… Read More »

Wernicke Aphasia

Wernicke ‘s aphasia is a serious language and word-finding disorder. Sick people suffer from extreme speech disorders and are only able to understand or reproduce the simplest words with great difficulty. Wernicke’s aphasics are only able to understand language content at all with intensive training and therapy by concentrating on facial expressions and language differences.… Read More »

Wernicke Encephalopathy

Wernicke encephalopathy is a systemic degenerative brain disease based on vitamin B1 deficiency. Alcoholics, patients with eating disorders or chronic intestinal diseases are particularly often affected by the disease. The treatment is anchored in a substitution of the missing thiamine. What is Wernicke encephalopathy? Encephalopathies are injuries that affect the brain as a whole. They… Read More »

Wasp Venom Allergy

Many people suffer from wasp venom allergy by showing violent reactions as a result of a simple wasp sting. What exactly is a wasp venom allergy? What are their causes? And how can a wasp venom allergy be successfully treated? What is wasp venom allergy? Wasp venom allergy is an allergic reaction to a wasp… Read More »

Wasp Sting

A wasp sting is usually painful but harmless. It only becomes problematic for allergy sufferers. The wasp venom can trigger an anaphylactic shock in them, which in the worst case can be fatal. What is a wasp sting? Wasps belong to the insects, more precisely to the hymenoptera. They live together in large states and… Read More »

West Nile Fever

West Nile fever is a mostly harmless infectious disease. Medical measures usually only serve to combat the symptoms. What is West Nile fever? West Nile fever is an infectious disease caused by a virus. West Nile fever owes its name to the West Nile District, which is located in Uganda, Africa. In 1937, evidence of… Read More »

West Syndrome

West syndrome is a difficult to treat generalized malignant form of epilepsy. It occurs in infants between the ages of three and twelve months. What is West Syndrome? West Syndrome was named after the English physician and surgeon William James West. He observed the first seizures of this kind in 1841 in his four-month-old son… Read More »

Sensitivity to Weather

Many people complain of discomfort when severe temperature fluctuations occur due to the weather. About a third of all Germans struggle with environmental influences and climatic conditions. Sensitivity to the weather is the term for diseases and complaints that are caused by strong temperature fluctuations and corresponding climatic conditions. What is weather sensitivity? Sensitivity to… Read More »

Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndrome

Wiedemann -Rautenstrauch syndrome is a very rare genetic disease associated with premature aging and a poor prognosis. Only a few cases of this syndrome have been described to date. A causal therapy is not possible. What is Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndrome? The Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome already shows symptoms of premature aging at birth, various dysmorphisms, reduction of white… Read More »

Meadow Grass Dermatitis

Meadow grass dermatitis ( dermatitis protensis, photodermatitis ) is a skin inflammation that is caused by certain extracts in plants and subsequent exposure to the sun and leads to strong pigmentation after healing. What is meadow grass dermatitis? Meadow grass dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease and occurs mainly in spring to autumn. In most… Read More »

Willebrand-Jürgens Syndrome

Willebrand -Jürgens syndrome is a congenital disease with an increased tendency to bleed. It is also often called von Willebrand syndrome or vWS for short and can be divided into different types. All belong to the group of hemorrhagic diatheses. What is Willebrand-Jürgens Syndrome? The group of disorders was named after Finnish physician Erik Adolf… Read More »

Williams-Beuren Syndrome

John CP Williams (born 1922), a heart specialist from New Zealand, and the first German chair of pediatric cardiology, Alois Beuren (1919-1984), were the first physicians to describe the Williams-Beuren syndrome, which is named after them, in the early 1960s. WBS is a genetic defect that has a significant impact on the internal organs, particularly… Read More »

Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

A Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma) is the most common tumor disease of children’s kidneys, which affects girls more often than boys. If diagnosed and treated early, a Wilms tumor can usually be cured in the long term. What is a Wilms tumor? A malignant (malignant) tumor of the kidney is referred to as a Wilms tumor… Read More »

Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is common among babies. Appropriate behavioral measures can help prevent diaper rash. What is diaper rash? Diaper dermatitis is a skin disease that takes an inflammatory course. The term diaper rash is made up of the Greek words for skin (derma) and inflammation (-itis). For poems syndrome meanings, please visit Diaper dermatitis occurs… Read More »


Chickenpox or varicella are a common childhood disease. This viral disease is usually transmitted by droplet infection. Typical are above all the conspicuous skin rash. What is chickenpox? Chickenpox, also known as wet leaves or sheep leaves, is a viral infection that is known to be a typical childhood disease with a high risk of… Read More »

Winter Depression

Especially in the cold months, winter depression is on everyone’s lips. Because more and more people are reacting with mental suffering to those times when sun and warmth are few and far between and gray sadness prevails. However, these symptoms are more likely to be assigned to temporary weather sensitivity and do not usually indicate… Read More »

Vertebral Blockage

Each vertebra is responsible for the supply of an organ. If the head hurts or stomach pains become noticeable, this can also come from the spine. Displacements of just one millimeter with serious consequences: vertebral blockages ; Trigger of sharp pains and cause of most back problems. What is a vertebral blockage? The individual vertebrae… Read More »

Vertebral Fracture

A vertebral fracture is understood to mean the fracture of a vertebra. The vertebral body, the vertebral arch or the spinous process are affected. What is vertebral fracture? A vertebral fracture occurs when a part of the vertebra breaks. These include the vertebral arch, the vertebral body or the spinous process. Vertebral fractures are usually… Read More »

Vertebral Arthrosis

Vertebral joint arthrosis is a wear and tear disease of the spine. The disease, also known as facet syndrome, affects the articular processes (“facets”) on each vertebra that connect the vertebrae with one another. What is vertebral arthrosis? Vertebral arthrosis is characterized by wear and tear on the small vertebral joints. Since the articular processes… Read More »

Vertebral Joint Blockages

Vertebral joint blockages occur when the mobility of the articular processes belonging to the vertebral bodies is restricted as a result of wear and tear or overload, so that the spine loses mobility. Blockages in the vertebral joints can usually be treated well with conservative therapy. What are vertebral joint blocks? A vertebral joint blockage… Read More »

Vertebral Slippage (Spondylolisthesis)

Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disease in which one or more vertebral bodies shift against each other ( sliding vertebrae ) and thus lead to a loss of stability in the spine. Depending on the extent and progression of the disease (involvement of the nerves, spinal canal stenosis), spondylolisthesis can usually be treated well with conservative… Read More »

Vertebral Body Fracture

Vertebral fracture, also known as a vertebral fracture, refers to damage to the plate-shaped portion of the vertebra. This part of the vertebra located inside the body can be injured by illness or by trauma, such as an accident. The vertebral body fracture is painful and depending on the type or severity, injuries to the… Read More »

Spinal Curvature

Doctors speak of a pathological curvature of the spine when its curvature exceeds the normal degree. The curvature of the spine occurs as a hunchback, hollow back or scoliosis. The therapy is carried out with physiotherapy, aids to support the back or operatively and has very good chances of recovery in childhood. What is a… Read More »

Spinal Injury (Spinal Trauma)

Spinal injuries are also referred to in medical jargon as spinal trauma. Ligaments, nerves, spinal cord, intervertebral discs and muscles can be affected. What is a spinal injury? In the case of a spinal injury, a distinction is made between the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. The most common form of spinal trauma is a… Read More »

Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is an inherited genetic defect that can only be cured by bone marrow transplantation. With an incidence of about 1:250,000, the disease is rare, with only boys being affected due to the X-linked recessive inheritance. What is Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome? Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare genetic immunodeficiency that is inherited in an X-linked recessive… Read More »

Postpartum Depression

Unaffected people may be taken aback at first – postnatal depression or postpartum depression, a depression in young mothers? Is there such a thing and wasn’t the mother looking forward to her child? But it’s not that simple. What is postpartum depression? Postpartum depression (in technical jargon: postnatal depression ) affects an estimated 10 to… Read More »

Postpartum Psychosis

For many women, giving birth is associated with great physical exertion and an emotional experience. A whole new situation awaits the woman now that she is a mother, with all the demands that the baby brings with it. Many women who have recently given birth react to this with sad moods. This usually subsides after… Read More »

Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome

The doctor understands the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome to be a complex of symptoms consisting of various malformations. The syndrome occurs due to a structural anomaly of chromosome four, which usually corresponds to a new mutation. The disease is incurable and can therefore only be treated symptomatically. What is Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome? The Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome or Wolf syndrome… Read More »

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

People affected by Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome ( WPW syndrome for short ) suffer from a heart defect that is usually not life-threatening. An additional pathway for the electrical impulses that control heart function leads to heart palpitations. Tachycardia in young adults is a common sign that Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is present. What is Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome? In Wolff-Parkinson-White… Read More »