|Pulling in the oral cavity, throbbing pain when
chewing - toothache can be really nasty.
Fortunately, no one has to be afraid of the dentist
anymore. Because the Middle Ages are long gone: At
that time, so-called "tooth breakers" tore broken
teeth out of their mouths with rough pliers. Today,
only state-approved dentists are allowed to perform
dental treatments. The first step to this approval
is to study dentistry.
The subject of dentistry
Preclinical study phase
In the first semesters of the so-called
pre-clinic, the scientific and medical basics that
are necessary for further studies are taught. The
of these subjects visit the "Zahnis" together with
the human physicians. After the second or third
semester, the pre-physics or first state examination
takes place, with exams in the areas of biology,
chemistry and physics.
The students also learn the basics of dental
technology. They manufacture crowns and prostheses
and practice on models how to drill, take
impressions and use prostheses. The second state
examination takes place at the end of the
pre-clinic. In this preliminary dental examination
(formerly known as Physikum), the students have to
prepare dental work under strict time constraints
and the theoretical knowledge is also checked.
Clinical study phase
The second stage of study is also called
"clinic". After the last exercises on the plastic
model, students are now treating real patients in
the university's own dental clinic - naturally under
the guidance of an assistant doctor. In addition,
the students expand their knowledge in the areas of
orthodontics, X-rays, hygiene and internal medicine.
You will learn, for example, how to put anesthetic
syringes and how to clean your teeth professionally.
In addition to the work in the dental clinic,
there is also an internship in the operating theater
where the students assist with operations. At the
end of the course there is the dental examination or
the state examination. This extends over a period of
five months in which the learned practical and
theoretical knowledge is checked.
Possible specialization through a master's
Those who want to specialize in a specific area
of dentistry after the state examination can add a
master's degree. Master programs offered include
dental prosthetics or oral implantology. Some of the
courses are designed to be part-time, so that
graduates can start their careers despite continuing
Requirements for a degree in dentistry
One of the biggest hurdles on the way to the
dentist is getting a study place in the first place.
All applicants must apply to the Foundation for
University Admission, formerly ZVS. The study places
are then allocated as follows:
- 20 percent of the study places are allocated
according to high school grades. The average has
been between 1.1 and 1.5 in recent years.
- Another 20 percent of the places are
allocated after waiting. This can last up to 11
- The universities can allocate the rest of
the places themselves. Here, too, the grade
point average on the Abitur certificate decides
on admission. Some universities carry out
additional tests and selection interviews.
In any case, applicants should bring good grades
on the Abitur certificate. Good knowledge of
biology, physics and chemistry is particularly
helpful for the course. Subsequent treatment of
patients also requires manual skills and empathy.
Study abroad dentistry
For applicants who were unable to get a place in
Germany, studying abroad can be a worthwhile
alternative. On the one hand, annoying and long
waiting times can be avoided, on the other hand,
students have the opportunity to get to know another
country up close during their studies. Since the
study language is partly English, they also perfect
their English skills.
What career opportunities are there for
Most students apply for the license after the
state examination. This allows graduates to work as
a dentist. Initially, only jobs in other dental
practices and dental clinics are possible. After two
years of preparation by the health insurance
company, the graduates then have the opportunity to
set up their own practice.
In addition to practical work as a dentist, a
scientific career is also an option, for example in
the research departments of the universities. It is
also possible to work as an expert for health
insurance companies and authorities.